Robotics is an interdisciplinary sector of science and engineering dedicated to the design, construction and use of mechanical robots. A robot is a programmable machine that can complete a task, while the term robotics describes the field of study focused on developing robots and automation.
Types of Robotics
- Pre-Programmed Robots
Pre-programmed robots operate in a controlled environment where they do simple, monotonous tasks.
- Humanoid Robots
Humanoid robots are robots that look like or mimic human behavior. These robots usually perform human-like activities and are sometimes designed to look like us, even having human faces and expressions. Two of the most prominent examples of humanoid robots are Sophia and Atlas.
- Autonomous Robots
Autonomous robots operate independently of human operators. These robots are usually designed to carry out tasks in open environments that do not require human supervision. One example of an autonomous robot is the Roomba vacuum cleaner, which uses sensors to roam freely throughout a home.
- Teleoperated Robots
Teleoperated robots are semi-autonomous bots that use a wireless network to enable human control from a safe distance. These robots usually work in extreme geographical conditions, weather and circumstances.
- Augmenting Robots
Augmenting robots, also known as VR robots, either enhance current human capabilities or replace the capabilities a human may have lost. Some examples of current augmenting robots are robotic prosthetic limbs or exoskeletons used to lift hefty weights.
Importance of Robots
Robots in antiquity and through the Middle Ages were used primarily for entertainment. Robots changed the structure of society and allowed for safer conditions for labor. Robots have also been influential in the media and profitable for toy manufacturers. Modern robotics is present everywhere in society, from a DVD burner in a computer to the microwave in most of kitchens. Robots have taken over the duties of dangerous and mundane jobs from humans, allowing greater productivity. Because robots never tire, extra shifts have been added to factories. Farmers have taken advantage of new technology with automated harvesters, the waste disposal industry has implemented robots in some of its dirtier jobs, and the medical industry benefits from advancements in assisted surgical robotics. Robots have been instrumental in space exploration and performing other tasks that would be impossible for humans to accomplish.
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